5 Ways Artificial Intelligence (AI) is Revolutionizing Architecture?

Artificial intelligence (AI) has brought about a sea of change in various fields, ranging from medicine and manufacturing to copywriting; it has not even spared the architecture, engineering, and construction industry.

Without even getting halfway through the 21st century, a simple two-letter acronym has taken the world by storm. Artificial intelligence (AI) has brought about a sea of change in various fields, ranging from medicine and manufacturing to copywriting; it has not even spared the architecture, engineering, and construction industry. While the impact of artificial intelligence is more pronounced in certain sectors, it is slowly weaving its way into an industry that has often distanced itself from fully embracing automation and technology. However, so far, artificial intelligence has proven that it can be highly beneficial in the AEC industry; here are five ways how.

Source: Pixabay

The AI Revolution In Architecture.


1. The Basics Are Easier

Architects tend to spend endless hours trying to perfect a design before they give it the go-ahead for the construction stage. It is no secret that architects spend hours, weeks, or even years trying to perfect a design before their team can execute it. Architectural design is no easy feat; it’s a delicate balance between creativity, practicality, and building regulations. While AI cannot replace creativity and practicality, it can make mundane tasks like collecting data and testing designs for adherence to codes much more manageable.

By using Building Information Modeling (BIM) software like Revit, architects can get the complete picture of their project from conceptualization to the operation stage via 3D modelling. If AI is used to its fullest potential, design professionals can also use the data AI collects to build sustainable and longer-lasting buildings.

Source: Archdaily


2. Wild Creativity Can Be Transformed Into Reality

There was a time when curved forms and fluid building designs would have remained as ideas on paper because rigid parameters could not be reimagined. Industry stalwarts like Zaha Hadid and Frank Gehry may not have been able to bring their wildest designs to fruition had it not been for parametric design.

Parametric modelling allows architects to play around with the parameters of a building in real-time to optimize it. CAD tools like Grasshopper enable designers to pick design outputs and set site and design constraints to visualize countless iterations of a particular building. When paired with rendering programs, these designs can give a thorough understanding of the final output, site constraints, and design restrictions.

Similarly, generative design tools help architects and designers explore complex ideas and solutions with much more ease. The software applies algorithms to various building parameters to help analyse the best possible design solutions.

Source: Chainsaw.com


3. It Will Change Urban Design

Until recently, most cities worldwide grew organically, growing outward from the city center with no real plan or strategy. However, since 70% of the world’s population will be living in urban areas by 2025, it is the need of the hour to chart a meticulous and creative growth management strategy.

Using Big Data – vast volumes of data on people’s behaviour and usage patterns – urban planners can create smart cities. The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to a network of physical objects like smart appliances, cars, security systems, or traffic systems that use Big Data to help people be more effective and productive in their daily lives. The Internet of Things (IoT), which is a network of smart physical objects, uses Big Data to help people save time, money, and effort. With AI, the way in which people interact with and use their surroundings can be leveraged to improve a city’s transport systems, homes, workspaces, and sustainability.

Source: Archdaily


4. It Can Make Construction Processes More Effective

In a report published in 2017, McKinsey Global Institute stated that 7% of blue-collar workers globally were working in the construction industry. According to a 2017 report by McKinsey Global Institute, 7% of the world’s labor force is employed in the construction industry. Despite this staggering number, projects in many parts of the world fall notoriously behind schedule due to unforeseen circumstances. However, technology is here to change that.

A 2021 BusinessWire report stated that globally, businesses and individuals were pumping $10 trillion annually into construction-related activities, a number that was projected to increase by 4.3% until 2023. A significant chunk of this amount is being invested in technology, including real-time data analysis, which can boost construction efficiency by 50% and reduce costs by 20%.

Apart from improving the overall construction workflow to meet deadlines, artificial technology can also improve worker safety, help preemptively identify risk factors, and improve overall business models.

Source: Archdaily
5. It Will Change The Fabric Of A Home

The benefits of AI are not limited to a home’s external facade when it comes to architectural design. For example, architects can give their clients a hyper-realistic visualization of their dream home via walkthroughs complete with sounds and sights. Any feedback their client has can be implemented before the project is completed, thus saving costs on materials and resources.

Additionally, the concepts used for planning smart cities can be applied at a micro-level to houses. Just like smart cities, smart homes and buildings are complex data-driven spaces that are highly efficient in terms of resource management, security, and convenience. From detecting suspicious activities to regulating the temperature and airflow within a house, AI devices make keeping tabs on a building’s performance effortless.

Source: Archdaily

A lot has changed with the advent of AI, some for the better, some for the worse. The increasing adoption of AI in various sectors, including the AEC industry, has brought about some exciting, much-needed changes. At the same time, its potential has also created a sense of trepidation amongst the architectural community fearing the loss of jobs in the future. Certainity lies in the fact that AI cannot replace the creativity involved in design; it can only strengthen and supplement it. As human needs and technology evolve, architects must find a way to embrace AI and integrate it into their design language to improve people’s lives.

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